1. Know the signs and symptoms of concussions.
• Concussion can produce a wide variety of symptoms that should be familiar to those having responsibility for the wellbeing of student-athletes engaged in competitive sports in Texas.
• Symptoms reported by athletes may include: headache; nausea; balance problems or dizziness; double or fuzzy vision; sensitivity to light or noise; feeling sluggish; feeling foggy or groggy; concentration or memory problems; confusion.
• Signs observed by parents, friends, teachers or coaches may include: appears dazed or stunned; is confused about what to do; forgets plays; is unsure of game, score or opponent; moves clumsily; answers questions slowly; loses consciousness; shows behavior or personality changes; can’t recall events prior to hit; can’t recall events after hit.
• Any one or group of symptoms may appear immediately and be temporary, or delayed and long lasting. The appearance of any one of these symptoms should alert the responsible personnel to the possibility of concussion.
2. Read and be familiar with protocols established by CDC and UIL. See website links listed below.
3. Treat all head injuries seriously. Seek immediate medical attention if symptoms of a concussion exists.
4. Notify the Principal and School Nurse and/or Athletic Trainer, or other responsible designee, if a child has a head injury and especially if you suspect concussion. Inform the parent as soon as possible or determine if administrative personnel have contacted the parent.
5. Remove student immediately from all physical activity until cleared by a medical professional and the parent.
6. Accommodate as needed in the classroom. Suggested accommodations include
a. Extended time
b. Shortened or reduced assignments
c. Frequent breaks
d. Note-taking assistance
e. Allowing students to correct assignments
7. Reduced memory, irritability or mood change, headaches, nausea, inattentiveness, forgetfulness, and fatigue may be frequently seen with concussion at school.
8. Document accommodations, communications, and keep any information sheets or medical treatment plans received in a folder. Remember confidentiality.